Guest Post: The Importance of Understanding Natural Laws, by Stan Altman

I have been asked to write a series of blogs about Bernard M. Baruch to supplement the information available through the new Hobcaw Barony website (  As a member of the Baruch College faculty and as an advisor to the Between the Waters Project I am honored to write about Bernard.


Bernard Baruch, c. 1910

One of the many topics and ideas Bernard wrote about was the difference between man-made laws and natural laws.  An important distinction between these two sets of laws is that we can control statutory laws and change them to suit our needs but natural laws are beyond our control.  How many people have tried to change the law of life’s cycle and failed? Take, for example the natural law that you are born and eventually die. How about the age-old goal of controlling the weather?

Natural laws produce equilibrium in nature – pollute a river but if the pollution stops over time the river will recover. Break the predator/prey relationship and chaos results. A classic example involves the killing of the wolves in Yellowstone Park in the 1930s, resulting in the uncontrolled growth of the elk population that reduced much of the vegetation, browsing heavily in the winter on young willow, aspen and cottonwood plants. That was tough for beavers, which need willows to survive in winter.  In 1999 wolves were reintroduced in Yellowstone and the process of rebalancing started (to learn about this go to

Bernard Baruch’s advice was to recognize the laws of nature and adapt to them. In a commencement address at Union College in 1937, he said, “Savages crouched in terror of lightning. Benjamin Franklin harnessed it. We can’t prevent floods, but we can impound them to serve us with the power of a hundred horses. When man found he could not walk on water, he did not accept the law of buoyancy as an obstacle. He invented boats and made it an aid.”  This notion of balance and adaptation is also reflected in Bernard’s role as international statesman. At the end of World War I, he urged Great Britain and France to avoid imposing such severe penalties on Germany so as to humiliate and cripple their economy because he believed such action would lead to World War II. He was right –once again, man trying to impose his will on another leads to push-back.

In this clip, “Bernard Baruch, Wilson and WWI” from Between the Waters on Vimeo, Dr. Dale Rosengarten discusses Baruch’s ideas on the potential consequences of penalties imposed on Germany after WWl.

I bring up the idea of natural laws and the importance of understanding and adapting to them because it is an important guide to life – get to know others, respect them for who they are and avoid the biased judgments we too easily make.  I also have focused on natural laws because Hobcaw Barony, Bernard M. Baruch’s home in South Carolina is an ecological wonderland – its 16,000 acres encompass a rich diversity of every common ecosystem found on the South Carolina coast, making this an unparalleled site for research in the environmental sciences. It is fitting that Bernard chose not to develop Hobcaw Barony, but to leave it in its natural state and to ultimately transfer it to his daughter Belle, who clearly stated her intentions to preserve this nature land jewel. And so she did.

In this clip “Hobcaw Barony Rice Canals” from Between the Waters on Vimeo, a drone flies over the remnant rice canals at Hobcaw Barony, revealing the vastness of the undeveloped landscape.



Dr. Stan Altman is currently a professor at Bernard M. Baruch College’s School of Public Affairs. He is the campus director of the Nonprofit Leadership Alliance for preparing students for careers in the non-profit and leads the partnership between Baruch College and the Rubin Museum of Art. Trained as an engineer, Dr. Altman was one of an early vanguard of professionals with strong applied mathematics and engineering backgrounds who chose to apply their skills to the delivery of public services. Dr. Altman holds a doctorate in Systems Science from the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn, a Master of Science in Electrical Engineering from Purdue University, and a BEE from City College.

What’s Next for SCETV’s Between the Waters Project?

Over the past week and a half, the Between the Waters team has presented the project in a series of soft launches at Coastal Carolina University, a research workshop for South Carolina’s National History Day workshop, the Slave Dwelling Project Conference, and at the Avery Research Center. We are thankful to all of our hosts and to everyone who attended these programs.


Between the Water launch events; top: Avery Research Center; bottom left: 2016 Slave Dwelling Project Conference; bottom right: Coastal Carolina University.


These presentations have given us the opportunity to raise further awareness of the project, showcase the site’s resources, and gain valuable feedback from our audiences. The response has been resoundingly positive. We’ve been thrilled to hear that viewers who have gone to after our presentations have gotten lost searching the site, spending hours exploring Hobcaw Barony’s complex history. We’ve also heard a recurring question from our audience and site visitors; what happens next?

Coming soon to Between the Waters are additional tabs and tools that will further enhance the digital experience. In addition to the “Explore” tab, the top navigation bar will feature “Teacher Resources,” “Trails,” and “Collections.”


Screenshot of the Rockwell Kent map, the main navigational tool on the Between the Waters’ site.

The Teacher Resources tab will offer cross-curricular, standards-based lesson plans. Developed in partnership with SCETV’s education department. These lesson plans are designed to be used by students in the classroom in conjunction with the digital tour experience.

The Trails tab will allow visitors to navigate Between the Waters thematically, by following a subject of interest across the site. Visitors will be able to choose from over 20 different trails, with themes ranging from Native American history, rice cultivation, African-American religion and Gullah traditions, privilege and the leisure class, sexual identity and women’s suffrage, world politics, and many more. The trails will make site navigation more focused, a benefit to researchers as well as other users with specific interests.

Under the Collections tab, visitors to Between the Waters will be able to access a database of media used throughout the site, including print documents, interview transcripts, the Baruch home movies, photographs, videos and audio files. This database will also contain documents related to local African-American history, including federal census records, labor contracts, a schoolbook found at the Strawberry Schoolhouse with notes from former students, and a list of names of the individuals buried in Marietta Cemetery – a historic African-American cemetery at Hobcaw Barony. We hope that by providing these resources we will not only expand the visitor’s digital experience, but assist with family genealogy research.


Hobcaw Barony’s Discovery Center and Museum.

Later down the road plans will be developed to implement the website at Hobcaw Barony. Our hope is that the site, or portions of the site, will be accessible at Hobcaw’s Discovery Center. By making the site available at Hobcaw Barony we hope to expand outreach opportunities among descendants of former residents, and facilitate deeper relationships with Hobcaw.

We encourage you to enjoy and learn from Between the Waters. Reach out to us via Facebook or Twitter, and let us know your reactions, thoughts, and any suggestions you may have. We always love to hear from our audience and supporters!